What Is Hemp?
Hemp, or industrial hemp, is a strain of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for the industrial uses of its derived products. It is one of the fastest growing plants and was one of the first plants to be spun into usable fiber 10,000 years ago. It can be refined into a variety of items, including herbal supplements, skin care products, plant-based protein items, paper, textiles, clothing, biodegradable plastics, paint, insulation, biofuel, food, and animal feed.
What Is The Endocannabinoid System (ECS)?
The ECS comprises a vast network of chemical signals and cellular receptors that are densely packed throughout our brains and bodies. The “cannabinoid” receptors in the brain — the CB1 receptors — outnumber many of the other receptor types on the brain. They act like traffic cops to control the levels and activity of most of the other neurotransmitters. This is how they regulate things: by immediate feedback, turning up or down the activity of whichever system needs to be adjusted, whether that is hunger, temperature, or alertness.
To stimulate these receptors, our bodies produce molecules called endocannabinoids, which have a structural similarity to molecules in the cannabis plant. The first endocannabinoid that was discovered was named anandamide after the Sanskrit word ananda for bliss. All of us have tiny cannabis-like molecules floating around in our brains. The cannabis plant, which humans have been using for about 5,000 years, essentially works its effect by hijacking this ancient cellular machinery.
The endocannabinoid system: Essential and mysterious – Harvard Health
WHAT IS CBD (CANNABIDIOL)?
CBD or cannabidiol, is the second most prevalent active ingredient in cannabis. While CBD is an essential component of medical marijuana, it is derived directly from the hemp plant, a cousin of marijuana. One of hundreds of components in the cannabis plant, CBD does not cause a “high” by itself.
Animal studies, and self-reports or research in humans, suggest CBD may also help with:
Anxiety: Studies and clinical trials are exploring the common report that CBD can reduce anxiety.
Insomnia: Studies suggest that CBD may help with both falling asleep and staying asleep.
Chronic Pain: Further human studies are needed to substantiate claims that CBD helps control pain. One animal study from the European Journal of Pain suggests CBD could help lower pain and inflammation due to arthritis when applied to skin. Other research identifies how CBD may inhibit inflammatory and neuropathic pain, which are difficult treat.
Addiction: CBD can help lower cravings for tobacco and heroin under certain conditions, according to some research in humans. Animal models of addiction suggest it may also help lessen cravings for alcohol, cannabis, opiates, and stimulants.
Is CBD safe? Side effects of CBD include nausea, fatigue and irritability. CBD can increase the level of blood thinning and other medicines in your blood by competing for the liver enzymes that break down these drugs. Grapefruit has a similar effect with certain medicines.
According to a report from the World Health Organization, “In humans, CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential…. To date, there is no evidence of public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.“
WHAT IS CBG (CANNABIGEROL)?
Like CBD (Cannabidiol), CBG (Cannabigerol) is a cannabinoid, a naturally occurring compound that is present in hemp plants. CBG is the precursor from which all other cannabinoids are synthesized, which is why it’s often referred to as the “mother” or “stem cell” of cannabinoids. Currently, there is more than 120 identified cannabinoid compounds found in the plant genus Cannabis. Research in progress for CBG includes treatment for dementia, PTSD, ADHD, Huntington’s disease, ALS, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, colitis, autoimmune disorders and of course, pain.
PRIMARY BENEFITS OF CBG
- Anti-inflammatory agent
- Promotes Restful Sleep
- Shows promise in relieving IBS symptoms
- Has Antidepressant and anti-anxiety properties
- Has antibacterial, antifungal, and antimicrobial properties.
- Has a Neuroprotective effects.
- CBG may have anti-tumor effects.
- Helps manage psoriasis and other inflammatory skin conditions.
- CBG may assist in the treatment of glaucoma